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keenglish 的博客

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阎娅宁  

2017-12-03 21:13:15|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. 在某人方面打败某人 beat sb in sth

2. 在做……方面有困难             have difficulties (in) doing sth

                                  have problems( in) doing

                                  have trouble (in) doing

3. 没有关系                       It doesnt matter.

4. ……里加                     add ... to       He added water to the milk.  

5. 处理问题                      deal with the problem

6. 和某人达成协议                make a deal with sb   

7. 赢得……的奖                  win the prize for

8. 幸亏,多亏,由于              thanks to

 

 

语法:  非谓语动词  

doing   动名词      doing 现在分词   done  过去分词   

to do  / do    不定式

 

动名词   在句子中作主语、 宾语和表语

   Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes.   作主语

  I dont like watching TV.    作宾语

  My hobby is watching TV.    作表语

**   动名词作主语, 谓语用 三单

  Eating too many hamburgers is bad for your health.

 

*** 有些动词 后必须接doing  

  enjoy ,  finish , mind (介意), practise , miss (错过 )  , suggest,  

  advise ,  allow,  consider,  stop,  keep ,  have fun, be busy doing

 be worth doing 值得做      

 

介词  look forward to doing       pay attention to doing   

      be used to doing

      be good at doing           be interested in doing   

 

特殊句式    spend time doing   

            have fun doing

            have a good time doing

 

不定式  

 to do 在句子中, 除了谓语, 可以充当句子的任何一个成份

 

To see is to believe   百闻不如一见。 眼见为实。

To learn English well is not easy.   

 

作主语时, 往往用it 作形式主语

It is not easy to learn English well.   真正的主语

 

作宾语   

 want to do  , decide to do , plan to do  , agree to do  , refuse to do

 would like to do  , start to do , begin to do  

 

He wants to become a lawyer.  他想当一个律师。

 

作表语

 当主语是 thing, wish, hope, dream , ,它的表语往往是to do

His hope is to be a pilot.  他的希望是当一名飞行员。

 

作状语    

 目的状语    

  He got up early to catch the first bus.   

 结果状语  

  He is too young to go to school. 

  He is old enough to join the army.

 

*** 作宾语补足语

 He asked me to clean the room.  

 They told him to be quiet.   

  *****  

   四看,三让 两听, 一感  的宾语省去to  

 watch, look at , see, notice  

 let, make, have

 hear, listen to  

 feel                     

 

The teacher made him stand all day.

We often saw him play tennis.  

 

 但变为被动语态时, 把省去的to 补回来  

  He was made to stand all day.

  He was often seen to play tennis.  

 

encourage sb to do  鼓励某人做       allow sb to do     

advise sb to do    建议某人做某事

 

定语

 something to eat   一些吃的东西

I have a lot of homework to do

 

不定式的复合结构  

 

疑问词+ to do  相当 名词    (why除外)  

I want to know when to have dinner.   

I wonder how to use the computer.   

I dont know where to eat.  

 

 

现在分词    

作状语, 作定语, 作补语  

 

Mary came into the classroom, singing.   (伴随状语)

Do you know the boy talking with our teacher.  (作定语)

 

现在分词作宾语补足语, 表示动作正在进行

I saw him playing tennis when I went past his school.

 

 

 

 

过去分词表示被动, 完成

 

Do you know the boy called Tom?  

You can see broken windows everywhere.  

  

 

所有非谓语的否定式是在前加not   

 

He told his students not to talk in class.  

Would you mind not talking in class.  

 

 

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