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期末考试复习  

2017-01-03 20:47:48|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1.       数词+ 单位+ (长, 宽, 高,深, 年龄 )

He is nine years old.

He is 1.75 meters tall.

 

数词- 单位(单数)- (形) + 名词

an 8-year-old boy   = a boy of 8 years old

a 200-word article   an article of 200 words     twenty-minute walk  = 20 minutes’ walk.

have 3 days off   = take a 3-day holiday 

2.       在具体的某一天前面用介词on   

on December 2nd, 1988. 

在具体的某一天的上午,下午,晚上 也用介词on  

on Friday evening= on the evening of Friday         

on a cold evening

3. Lesson Five    = the fifth lesson

4. 日期用序数词   August the fifth        August the twenty-fifth   

5. 在序数词前加a  , 表示“再, 又,  

6. 状语从句  

   时间 while , when, as soon as , before , after, until ,          since ( 自从)

          while + 延续性动词  

        He was looking after my dog while I was away.

       过去进行   while  + 过去进行 

      My mother was cooking while my father was reading newspaper.

     be doing when   正当……这时 

     He was doing his homework when the telephone rang. 

     be about to do when    刚要……这时 

     He was about to leave when he heard a loud noise.

  

until  通常用于否定式    

He didn’t go to bed until he finished his homework.  go 非延续性动词

until 也可以用于肯定句    (动词是延续的)

He waited until his mother came back.

 

since 是现在完成时的标志

 since + …. ago          since 2 weeks ago 

      + 过去时句子     since he was born 

      + 点时间         since then / since 2001

   条件 if unless        

   目的   so that    / in order that  

   结果  so  adj / adv .. that      such …+n .. that 

      He is so strong that he can lift up the big stone.

It is such a nice day that we all want to go swimming.

 

   原因

   让步   though, although  no matter how  / no matter what / where / when

          even though / if    

      although 只能放在句首, 且较正式   

      though  任意放     

   地点

   方式

   比较 

 

定语从句只用that 

1.       最高级, 序数词 修饰先行词  

2.       anything, nothing, everything , all, any, little, few  作先行词或用来修饰先行词时

3.       the very the only the same 

4.       先行词人物共存

5.       疑问句以who which 开始 

 

被动语态 

 

let , have , make  sb do  

 

 

 

一感, feel

二听   listen, hear  

四看   see, watch , look at , notice      sb do    变为被动语态时,把省去的to补回来

                                    sb doing  

 

 


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